The Postmodernism at the Turn of the Eras

 

 

L. V. Mirtskhulava

PHD in Philology,

Georgia, Tbilisi,

Sokhumi State University

 

The Postmodernism at the Turn of the Eras

(Peculiarities of the Prose at the Turn of XX-XXI Centuries)

 

World develops fast, accordingly changes writing, art, architecture and on this part especially manifold turned out to be end of XX and beginning of XXI century, so called “globalization” epoch, which “demands” from the humanity a unity of the world and the universe and Georgia should “become” a part of this unity; though this process has a second part too - in the conditions of “globalization” takes place formation of the world view and consciousness different from the national one, that is why the first determining indication of tradition, idealism turned out to be disruption-fracture of the  romanticism. How much acceptable and comprehensible became all this for the Georgian reality? How did the Georgian readers accept the changes?  - is still to be ascertained. It is a fact that has come epoch of mass-culture, clichés, parody, masks and game and the Georgian society, this way or that, has fearlessly  kept abreast with it.

Georgian post soviet literary world today is fragmented, even so, that it is difficult to recognize “genuine” poetic or prosaic works, also a real poet and a writer. Such event is not spread only in us; here is talk about global phenomena, on which many experts in literature, critics or philosophers have been indicating for a long time. In such conditions, of course, is impossible to talk about the united literary law, school, where takes place analyzing of this law. Field of literary disciplines existed until 70-s of XX century finished. We have to deal with new phenomena, comprehension of which is enough difficult, but easy to place in one “sphere” and to name it a post-modernism.

Why did the world become prosaic in the end of XX century? We consider that writing created in this period differs from before existed and after created texts. We believe that after the modernism was created a certain vacuum and filling of this cultural-informational vacuum, gathering of new literary works and separation of the newly kept abreast tendencies is a significant issue in the history of the Georgian literature. Main distinctive factor of determination of the new tendencies is media, which impacts a strong influence on the society. History is also in close relation with literature as there has not been an event in the Georgian history, which did not give impetus to a writer to create a text in which would be expressed everything, or, on the contrary, out of reality creator found “relief” in interpretation of myths, general expansion of the specific event. Creator should be adequate of his time and text created by him - even by the form and linguistic standpoint should contact the modernity. Thus, if we review the newest history of our country we will surely hear its echo in modern Georgian literature.  Today’s prose hasn’t escaped from the real-time expression, fixing of the real-time. Isn’t TCHILADZE’S “Basket” [1] a striking example of this, where the writer really gives a society? With more documentary precision describes events NAIRA GELASHVILI in the novel “First two circles and all others” [2], which is one of the large texts in which the writer talks about social shifts occurred in modernity and L. BUGHADZE’S “Last Bell” gives teenager world etc.

Writing is a sense game, - say experts in literature and as post-modernism is considered to be a rush of time, its appearing and consolidation in literature should not be surprising. “Uniformity” of the social development in the world, such “ground” of development existing in literature of the end of XX century and beginning of XXI century is not accidental. If an individual lost its unique face and form of resembling led to absurd and loss of value, why should not his body divide into 30 parts and dissolve in the space (like character Grenouille of Patrick SUSKIND’s novel “Perfume” [5]. Because this is a certain indication on the world’s unity and Judas sold the Saviour for 30 silver coins and after that was created a new era in humanity’s history. And how is formed razhden kashali’s consciousness in the walls of the basket in O. TCHILADZE’S “Basket” and then impacts influence on entire that time society), but literature does give us means of maneuvering, in the end are always put three dots, process of abstracting and formalization more and more deepens, at the same time description of human’s development stages, exaltation or degradation becomes realistic in literature. “Human is the only being who “cannot fit” into a life – correctly observes T. BUACHIDZE. Modern Georgian literature is as eclectic and multiform as life. Despite we often talk about relations of the generations, difference between old and new, I think this differentiation is conditional as talk about strong and weak, worth and unworthy is significant and can turn out in both “camps”. To O. TCHILADZE’S “Basket”, N. GELASHVILI’S “First two circles”, Z. TVARADZE’S “Words” [3], AKA MORCHILADZE’S [4]novels of MADATOV cycle etc. can be “opposed” such writers and works  which, if not for “momentary” popularity, will never compete with them. 

Literature:

  1. 1.     O. Thiladze, “Basket”., Tb. 2003 (in georgian);
  2. 2.     N. Gelashvili, “First two circles and all others”, Tb.2009. (in georgian);
  3. 3.     Z. Tvaradze, “Words”, Tb.2008. (in georgian);
  4. 4.     A. Morchiladze,novels of MADATOV cycle etc; Tb. 1999 (in georgian);
  5. 5.     P. SUSKIND, “Perfume”; 2006 (in georgian).